Monday, 23 March 2015

The Origin of Mangoes

When you savor delicious and succulent mangoes every season, you probably don’t think about the immense health benefits coming with every bite. A common nickname for mangoes is actually ‘the king of fruits’. Beyond the sweet, luscious taste of mangoes, they also contain an abundance of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that assure your optimum health.
For decades, mangoes have been used to soothe stomachs. Similar to papayas, mangoes contain certain enzymes with stomach comforting properties. As the popularity of mangoes has spread, many food manufacturers have introduced jellies, jams, squash, pickles, marinades and spices that include pure mango flavor.
Mango is rich in fiber, so if you have at least one mango every day in your diet, you are almost guaranteed to prevent constipation, piles and symptoms of a spastic colon. Research and studies published at Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety have demonstrated that dietary fiber has a positive effect on eliminating degenerative diseases, including certain cancers and heart conditions. Now you have even more reasons to include this delicious fruit in your daily diet. The more you participate in strenuous activities,the more bodily potassium you lose, which is yet another helpful side effects of mangoes – high potassium content!

The Origin of Mangoes

Mangoes belong to the same family as that of pistachios, gandaria, mombin and cashews.  Some common names for mango are mangot, manga, and mangou, depending on the region or nation.The mango originated in southern Asia, more specifically in Burma and eastern India, almost 4,000 years ago. Many stories in Indian mythology include the mention of the mango plant, and Lord Buddha is said to have often meditated in a mango grove. Mango cultivation first spread to Malaysia, eastern Asia and eastern Africa and was finally introduced to California around 1880. Mangoes were introduced to Africa and Brazil by Portuguese explorers, while mango cultivation started in Hawaii and Florida around the 19th century.
According to Indian beliefs, mangoes symbolize life (it is the national fruit of India) and is used in almost every sacred ritual. Mango leaves are almost always used for festivals and wedding decorations. ‘Chutney’ made from Indian mangoes is the original chutney and has become universally popular. Today, India remains the world’s major producer of mangoes, but Thailand, China, Brazil and Mexico also cultivate this highly beneficial fruit.

Mango3Health Benefits of Mangoes

Mangoes are very low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. They are also an excellent source of dietary fiber and vitamin B6, as well as a good source of vitamin A and vitamin C. Mangoes are rich in minerals like potassium, magnesium and copper, and they are one of the best sources of quercetin, betacarotene, and astragalin. These powerful antioxidants have the power to neutralize free radicals throughout the body. Ailments like heart disease, premature aging, cancer and degenerative diseases are due to these free radicals that damage the cells.
In China, mangoes are sweet and sour and offer a cooling sensation. The tonic made from mangoes in Chinese herbal medicine is known as yin tonic, and it is used to treat bleeding gums, anemia, cough, constipation, nausea, fever, sea sickness and as a cure for weak digestion.
Keeps Blood Pressure Under Control
Mangoes have an impressive vitamin content that assures overall health. They are rich in potassium (4% in 156 mg) and magnesium (2% in 9 mg), and mangoes are great natural remedies for high blood pressure patients. They also contain selenium, calcium, iron and phosphorus. Mangoes are said to be vitamin powerhouses as they are rich in riboflavin, vitamin B6, A, C, E, K, niacin, folate, thiamin and panthothenic acid. These components help you to avoid a host of diseases that can come from deficiencies of these vitamins and minerals. The vitamin E content in mangoes can even help to boost your sex life by triggering the activity of your sex hormones.
Cancer Prevention and Heart Health
Mangoes have high amounts of pectin, a soluble dietary fiber that efficiently contributes to lower cholesterol levels in the blood. Pectin can also help prevent you from developing prostate cancer. Recently, studies at The Institute for Food Research discovered that a compound within pectin combines with galectin 3 (a protein playing significant role in all the stages of cancer). The European Prospective Investigation of Cancer also has come up with a strong association between eating mango and lowering the risk of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract.
Weight Gain
Mango consumption is one of the easiest ways to gain weight. 150g of mango has around 86 calories, which can be absorbed easily by the body. Moreover, mangoes contain starch, which transforms into sugar that aids in gaining weight. Some people work hard to put on weight for a variety of reasons, and mango should definitely be a part of their diet. Mango milkshakes will accelerate the process of gaining weight since they also contain milk, and are notoriously delicious!
Aids Digestion
Mangoes play a prominent role in eliminating problems such as indigestion and excess acidity. The digestive enzymes in mangoes help to promote natural, efficient digestion. The bioactive ingredients in mangoes like esters, terpenes and aldehydes contribute in enhancing appetite and also improve the function of the digestive system.
Cures Anemia & Helps in Pregnancy
Mangoes are rich in iron, which makes them beneficial for people suffering from anemia. A regular, moderated intake of mangoes can help eliminate anemia by increasing the red blood cell count in the body.
Mangoes are also very beneficial for pregnant woman, since the iron requirements during pregnant is extremely essential. Doctors often prescribe iron tablets during pregnancy, but instead of supplementation, you can enjoy a healthy iron-rich diet with juicy mangoes. The taste buds during pregnancy usually lose some of their sensitivity, so mangoes will surely prove to be the delight of your day, for more than just its health benefits.
Cures Acne
Perhaps you are surprised to know that mangoes are closely related to skin health. Other than bringing a healthy glow to your face, mangoes also help to lighten skin color. You can easily enhance your beauty by including this tasty fruit in your diet on a regular basis.
Mangoes effectively treat acne by opening the clogged pores of the skin. Once these pores are opened, acne formation will eventually stop. Unclogging the pores of the skin is the most effective way to eliminate acne. To enjoy this benefit, there is no need to eat mangoes every day; you need to remove the mango pulp and apply it on the skin for around 10 minutes, then rinse it off.
Slows the Signs of Aging
Mangoes contain high amounts of vitamin A and vitamin C, which both help to produce collagen proteins inside the body. Collagen helps to protect blood vessels and the body’s connective tissues, thereby slowing down the skin’s natural aging process. Therefore, mangoes can rightly be called an anti-aging food. Dietary supplementation is the best way to restore your youth in a natural and delicious way.
Promotes Brain Health
Mangoes have abundant quantities of vitamin B-6, which is vital for maintaining and improving the brain’s function. These vitamins aid in the amalgamation of the major neurotransmitters that contributes in determining mood and the modification of sleeping patterns. Mangoes naturally provide significant quantities of this vitamin. With mangoes as a part of your diet, you can be assured of a healthy brain and effective nerve functioning. You will also be avoiding medicinal supplements, which have a long list of possible side effects. The Glutamine acid content in mangoes also improves concentration and the power of your memory.
Boosts Body Immunity
As mentioned earlier, similar to carrots, mangoes are rich in beta-carotene, a powerful carotenoid. This element of mango helps in to enhance the immune system of the body and make it impervious to bacteria and toxins. Excess beta-carotene is also transformed into vitamin A inside the body. Vitamin A is another antioxidant vitamin and gives you additional protection against the free radicals that can harm your internal systems. Thus, mangoes are great choice for food items to add into your regular diet. They not only increase your chances of living a disease-free life, but is also a pleasure to eat due to its magnificent taste.
Diabetes Management and Prevention
Further research is still ongoing, but some studies have already revealed that mangoes are a great natural remedy for diabetes. It was a long-told myth that diabetic patients should avoid mangoes because of its sweet taste; now it is being shown that other than the fruit, the mango leaves are also helpful in curing diabetes. Place 10 or 15 mango leaves in warm water and close it with a lid before going to bed. In the morning, drink the water on an empty stomach after filtering the leaves. Regular practice of this method has shown positive results for diabetic patients in the management of their blood sugar levels.
What are Mango Allergies?
It is possible to suffer from mango allergies. Some people can be sensitive to mangoes, since they belong to the Anacardiaceae family and are therefore a distant relative of poison ivy. Mangoes contain a small amount of a substance called urushinol, which is a toxic resin that can cause dermatitis. The severity of this skin allergy varies between individuals. However, the peel and juice of mangoes are more responsible for this allergy, while the flesh of the fruit has a relatively low chance of inducing this allergic reaction.
mangoinfographicHow to Buy and Store Mangoes
Some varieties of mangoes do not turn red, orange or yellow. If you prefer to buy these alternative green varieties, try to look for other signs of ripeness like a sweet aroma. Green mangoes are popular in many dishes from Thailand, India, and Malaysia. In Indian markets, you will find dried green mangoes that are processed into mango powder or amchoor/amchur, which is a very popular East Indian seasoning.
The ripe mangoes should give slightly to light pressure from the fingertip and you should see a slight depression on the surface. Even if you buy them unripe, keep the mangoes in a paper bag in a warm place; they will ripen within two days. If you keep the unripe mangoes at room temperature, it may take them up to 1 week to fully ripen.
You will be able to recognize fresh mangoes by their size; they should be about 4 inches in length while the weight can range from 9 ounces to 4 pounds. The larger the fruit, the higher the fruit-to-seed ratio. The mango peak season is from May through September, but there are many markets that import mangoes from warm climates year-round.
You can store ripe mangoes in the refrigerator for about 2 weeks, or they can be dried, frozen, cooked in syrup or puréed. In the commercial market, you can buy mangoes in canned, fresh, and dried forms. If you buy dry mangoes, be sure to rehydrate them in warm water for about four hours before adding them to your recipe.
If you want to freeze uncooked mangoes, just sprinkle sugar over the seeded, peeled, and sliced fruit. Stir lightly with a wooden spoon until the sugar melts in the juice of the mango itself. Make sure the pieces are well sugar coated. Seal them in an airtight container and refrigerate.
A Few Final Facts About Mangoes
Mangoes are found in two varieties, one from India and the other from the Philippines and Southeast Asia. Indian mangoes have a bright yellow or red color, while the Philippines species has a pale green color. The mango plant requires a frost-free climate, because the flowers and fruits will be damaged if the temperatures drop below 40° F. The fruits are favored in warm, dry weather.
Mango trees create a scenic landscape and grow up to 65 feet. Mango trees are also known for their longevity; some specimens are known to live for more than 300 years and continue to bear fruit. The leaves of mango trees are usually pale green in color, which darkens as they grow and increase in height. The young leaves are usually red in color. The flowers appear on a mango tree at the branch terminals. The reddish flowers are found in dense panicles of up to 2,000 tiny flowers. These flowers emit a volatile substance that may be an allergen to some people and potentially cause respiratory trouble.
The fruiting bodies of a mango tree grow at the rear end of the string-like stem (the former panicle). The size of the fruit is usually 2 to 9 inches long and shape may vary between being kidney shaped, oval or round. The flesh of mangoes is a similar consistency to peaches. The flesh is excessively juicy and radiates from the husk of a singular oval shaped seed. Mango fruit takes 100 to 150 days after flowering to fully mature.
Proper growth of mango trees is possible only in dense shade and good drainage. Mango trees grow in any well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5. The plant needs a deep area of soil to spread its extensive root network, and the tree requires frost protection when it is at its youngest, tender age. Bacterial spots, pests and other plant diseases can develop, and there are many known treatments to keep the trees healthy.
Mangoes are mainly grown in tropical countries, but California, Florida, Central America and Mexico have developed their mango cultivation greatly and have become major suppliers to U.S. market


1. Ancient cure for long lasting and undiagnosed stubborn deceases (Permanent cure)
2. Chronic Gonorrhea , Staphylococcus Aurous, irregular and painful Menstruation, Stomach Upset and Chronic Waist Pain
3. Rheumatism, Arthritis and Waist Pain
4. Typhoid Fever
5. Materials (all forms)
6. Food poisoning (physical and spiritual)
7. Cold and fever
8. Malaria in pregnant women
9. Catarrh
10. Cholera (stooling and vomiting)
11. Fibroid
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13. Toilet diseases
14. Sperm booster
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18. PILE (JEDI-JEDI) most common deadly diseases can now be handled permanently
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28. Ring worm
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30. Beri Beri
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34. Infertility in women
35. Low blood pressure
36. Quick delivery (easy labour)
37. Elephanthesis
38. Gastroenteritis
39. Eczema
40. Diarrhea
41. Mental illness (disorder)
42. Acne and other skin diseases
43. Abdominal pain after delivery
44. Artenoscierosis
45. Blood cleansing and blood building
46. Blood tonic and blood purifier
47. Burns (immediate treatment of burns) such as hot water, fire, oil Stew or hot iron burnt
48. Candia albcans
49. Cataract
50. Broken and weak bone
51. Cough
52. Constipation
53. Fighting against invading bacteria
54. Dispersal (indigestion)
55. Goiter
56. Gynecological cases
57. Hemorrhage in women
58. Health stomach
59. Hair growth
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61. Hernia
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66. Loss of appetite
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108. Skin beauty
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110. Heart related diseases (cardiac arrest)
111. Stimulation/circulation system
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115. Components of honey
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125. HIV (Personal management) gain more 45 years a blow.
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130. Surface poison
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The Nutrition of Mangos


Health Benefits

Mangos have a good number of health benefits that many people don't know about. The sweet and fragrant fruit promotes healthy digestion. They also have large amounts of fiber to aid in regularity and the prevention of constipation. Mangos also lower cholesterol and help in fighting some cancers.

Vitamins and Minerals

Mangos have several key nutrients your body needs. Vitamin C fights off colds and illness. Vitamins A and E protect against free radicals, while vitamin A also strengthens bone growth as well. Iron enriches the blood and promotes healthy cells. Potassium maintains proper balance in the body's fluids, helps with nerve function and aids in muscle contraction. Other nutrients include omega-3 and 6, vitamin B6 and copper. The peel is usually not eaten due to its tough and bitter taste, but it provides high concentrations of the nutrients.

Culinary Benefits

One of the most interesting things you can do with mangos is cook with them. Many cultures add mangos into their cuisines as chutneys, sauces and specialty desserts. Mangos are also used to balance out salty and spicy dishes.

Healthy Snacks

Snacking is a big problem when dieting. You may lose track of your diet goals because of snacking on the wrongs foods. Replace chocolates or other sweets with an ice cold mango. This fruit has between 100 to 140 calories depending on the size and ripeness. The more ripe it is the higher the calories due to the natural sugars. Also drink mangos in smoothies as a cool summer drink or add sliced mango to fruit salads. Only add fat free milk or low fat plain yogurt to smoothies. This will help lower the fat content.

Storing Mangos

In order to maintain the freshness and flavor of your mangos, store them in a refrigerator after ripening them at room temperature. Eat them within five days of refrigeration for the best flavor. Also store mangos for up to a year in a freezer. It's recommended that you peel, cut the mango into slices and freeze on a cookie sheet uncovered before putting the frozen slices into a container. Make sure to put them in an airtight storage container or plastic bag. Do this to prevent freezer burn and other food flavors from contaminating the fruit. Enjoy mangos any time of the year.

The benefits and efficacy of Mango

1. Therapeutic benefits of mangoes for example, for cleaning the blood, Lower heat loss, and eliminate body odor. Mango is considered to cleanse the blood stream and reduces excess body heat. Besides mango is also good for eliminating body odor.
Treatment with Mango

2. Mango contains Potassium Potassium has a lower risk of stroke increases the regularity of heart rate functions, activated muscles contraction, and helps blood pressure. Adequate potassium intake may reduce the effects of sodium in the blood pressure increases, and freely contribute to a reduced risk for stroke. One study showed that when someone adds a high-potassium fruit into the daily diet, the risk of fatal stroke can be reduced by 40 percent. Extra potassium intake of 400 mg per day can reduce the possibility of getting heart and blood vessel disease. Potassium are abundant in mango. Every 100 grams of mangoes contained 189 mg of potassium. By eating a mango with very small size (at least 250 grams), or a mango with  medium size (200-250 g), potassium sufficiency as much as 400 mg per day can be met.

3. Useful to suppress cancer experts believe the mango is the source of a carotenoid called beta crytoxanthin, namely cancer buster good material.

4. Good for digestion, healthy eyes, mouth, throat and gallic acid content of the mango is very good for the digestive tract. While the content of riboflavin very good for the eyes, mouth, and throat.

5. To maintain healthy teeth and gums in addition to functioning as an antioxidant, vitamin C has a function to maintain and promote health of capillaries, healthy teeth and gums. He helps iron absorption and can inhibit the production of natrosamin, a cancer-promoting substances. Vitamin C can also make permanent normal connective tissue and aid in healing wounds. The content of vitamin C is quite decent mango taken into account. Every 100 grams of edible ripe mango supply as much as 41 mg of vitamin C, a young mango and even up to 65 mg. Means, by consuming 150 grams of ripe mango or a mango puppet 200 grams (1/2 small pieces), the adequacy of vitamin C is recommended for male and female adult per day (60 mg each) can be met.

6. Antioxidant properties of mango as Mango Body was a source of beta-carotene, potassium, and vitamin C. Beta-carotene is a substance in the body is converted into vitamin A (nutrients essential for the functioning of the retina). Beta-carotene (and vitamin C) are also classified as antioxidants, compounds that can provide protection against cancer because it can neutralize free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules produced by the body's normal chemical processes, solar or cosmic radiation, cigarette smoke and other environmental influences.

7. Cure various diseases
Mango was potent to help cure various diseases, including dermatitis, influenza, asthma, vision disturbances, bleeding gums, sore throat, inflammation of the airways, shortness of breath and ulcers. It also can cope with boils, scabies, eczema, abdominal colic, diarrhea, motion sickness, worms, poor appetite, vaginal discharge, menstrual disorders, hernia and rheumatism.

17 Reasons Why You Need a Mango Every Day

angoes may very well be the king of all fruits. They fight cancer, alkalize the body, aid in weight loss, regulate diabetes, help digestion, clean your skin, and make the perfect snack. Here are 17 healthy reasons why you should be eating a mango every day.
Nutrition chart
One cup of mangoes (225 gms contain) contains the following percentages that apply to daily value.
105 calories
76 percent vitamin C (antioxidant and immune booster)
25 percent vitamin A (antioxidant and vision)
11 percent vitamin B6 plus other B vitamins (hormone production in brain and heart disease prevention)
9 percent healthy probiotic fibre
9 percent copper (copper is a co-factor for many vital enzymes plus production of red blood cells)
7 percent potassium (to balance out our high sodium intake)
4 percent magnesium
1. Fights cancer
Antioxidants like quercetin, isoquercitrin, astragalin, fisetin, gallic acid and methylgallat present in mango protect the body against
2. Keeps cholesterol in check
Mango has high level of vitamin C, pectin and fibres that help to lower serum cholesterol levels. Fresh mango is a rich source of potassium, which is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps to control heart rate and blood pressure.
3. Skin cleanser
Mangoes help you unclog your pores and add freshness to the face. Mangoes are applicable to any skin type. They help clear clogged pores that cause acne. Just slice a mango into thin pieces and keep them on your face for 10 to 15 minutes and then take bath or wash your face and see the results.
4. Alkalizes the body
According to natural health, mango is rich in tartaric acid, malic acid and traces of citric acid that primarily help in maintaining the alkali reserve of the body.
5. Weight loss
Mango has a lot of vitamins and nutrients that help the body feel fuller. Also, the fibrous fruit boosts the digestive function of the body by burning additional calories, helping in weight loss.
6. Regulates diabetes
Not only the fruit but the leaves of mangoes are healthy too. For people suffering from diabetes, just boil 5-6 mango leaves in a vessel, soak it through night and drink the filtered decoction in the morning. This is helps in regulating your insulin levels.
Mango has a low glycemic index (41-60) so going a little overboard will not increase your sugar levels.
7. Aphrodisiac
Mango has aphrodisiac qualities and is also called the ‘love fruit’. Mangoes increase the virility in men. Vitamin E, which is abundantly present in mangoes, helps to regulate sex hormones and boosts sex drive.
8. Eye care
Did you know that mango is rich in vitamin A. One cup of sliced mangoes equals 25% intake of your daily need of vitamin A. Mangoes help in promoting good eye sight, fights dry eyes and also prevent night blindness.
9. Helps in digestion
Mango contains enzymes that help in breaking down protein. The fibrous nature of mango helps in digestion and elimination. It is is rich in pre-biotic dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals.
10. Heat stroke
When the sun is bogging you down this summer, just chop of a mango in a juicer; add a little water and a tbsp of sugar free or honey. This juice will instantly cool you down and prevent heat stroke.
11. Strengthens your immune
The deadly combination of vitamin C, vitamin A and 25 different kinds of carotenoids keep your immune system healthy.
12. Body scrub
Make a paste of mashed mango, honey and milk and use as a body scrub, you will feel that your skin is tender and smooth.
13. Aids concentration and memory
Studying for exams? This fruit is rich in glutamine acid– an important protein for concentration and memory. Feed mangoes to children who find it difficult to concentrate on studies.
14. High iron for women
Mango is rich in iron, hence it is a great natural solution for people suffering from anemia. Menopausal and pregnant women can indulge in mangoes as this will increase their iron levels and calcium at the same time.
15. Reduces Kidney Stones 
In Chinese medicine, mangoes are considered sweet and sour with a cooling energy also capable of reducing the risk of kidney stone formation.
16. Perfect Snack
Instead of snacking on unhealthy chips and cookies, why not feast on slices of mangoes instead. They are perhaps one of the tastiest dehydrated fruits of all.
17. Stomach Tonic 
Before going to bed put some 10 or 15 mango leaves in warm water and close it with lid. The next day morning filter the water and drink it in empty stomach. Do this regularly.

Monday, 9 March 2015

Extra-Ordinary Health Benefits Of Bitter Kola

However, Bitter Kola is considered as an effective agricultural produce in the treatment of cough, diarrhea, tuberculosis and other bacterial infections. “When food is suspected to be contaminated by bacteria, chew bitter kola immediately after eating, it will prevent the development of any infection or poisoning.

Bitter Kola was eaten mostly by the elderly people because of their belief that it could prolong life.” Actually, researches in modern science have revealed that bitter kola contains chemical compounds that will help the breakdown of glycogen in the liver and has other medicinal uses which account for its longevity property in man. “Bitter kola is anti-poison too, it has the ability to repel evil men and spirits, it could sound superstitious but it works.

The naturalist even said that the seed and the bark of bitter kola should be eaten together in cases where food poisoning is suspected, “it helps to detoxify the system”. Indeed, it really works!

Uses of Garcinia Kola

It improves the function of the lung
Garcinia kola has been used for centuries to treat chest colds in traditional medicine, but research has taken a look and found out why it is effective. A study in the 2008 issue of The Internet Journal of Pulmonary Medicine, performed on mice, reports that Garcinia kola improved respiratory function after 28 days of use of a Garcinia extract. Written by David A. Ofusori, MSc, from Igbinedion University in Nigeria, the study shows that Garcinia kola works by dilating the alveolar ducts and sacs in the lungs by improving the strength of the fibers in the lung tissue. Garcinia kola’s beneficial lung properties are attributed to its high antioxidant content.

It Reduces Eye Pressure
An increase in eye pressure can lead to glaucoma, according to a report from The New York Times Health Guide. Researchers at Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria tested the effectiveness of eye drops that contained 0.5 percent extract of Garcinia kola. The results of their study, published in the January 2010 issue of Middle East African Journal of Opthamology, showed that the opthamolic solution that contained the Garcinia significantly reduced eye pressure when used twice a day.

It Relieves Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, characterized by pain, inflammation and limited movement in the joints, according to the National Institutes of Health. Causes of osteoarthritis can include joint injury, obesity and ageing. Since many arthritis sufferers prefer natural herbal medicines to other pain relievers and medications, researchers at Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria tested the effects of Garcinia kola against arthritis symptoms. The results of the study, written by Olayinka O. Adegbehingbe and published in the July 2008 issue of the Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, conclude that Garcinia kola significantly reduced inflammation and pain and increased joint movement in subjects that had osteoarthritis symptoms. It is believed that Garcinia kola works well as a result of its antioxidant properties.

The side effects reported from the Garcinia kola use in this study were “weight loss”, “increase in sex drive” and “extended sleep” which many considered helpful to meet their individual and marital demands. If you take Garcinia kola and experience diarrhea, hives, irregular heartbeat or other signs of allergic reaction, discontinue use immediately and seek medical attention.

Medicinal Significance
Garcinia kola is used in many tropical countries to fight infectious diseases such as Aids and the Ebola virus. It has shown to posses anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antiviral properties.

Cold Remedy
Garcinia kola is often used to treat the symptoms of colds. It is suggested, in particular, for coughs and sneezing.

Knee Osteoarthritis
Garcinia kola has been successfully used to treat patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis, according to a study published in the Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery. It reduced pain and swelling and improved movement.

Garcinia kola is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is used to prevent infections and viruses, especially of the immune system.

Hop Substitute
Garcinia kola is used as a substitute for hops in brewing lager beer. It is especially useful in preventing beer spoilage.

Weight Loss
Bitter Kola has been known to be a natural hunger suppressant and also increases the urge to drink more water.

Another importance of bitter kola is that its repels snakes. It can be used to chase snakes away. For snake prevention, spread it around the building.

Bitter Kola health benefit for malaria
Considerable experimental studies found the chemical constituents in bitter kola have anti-malaria properties. That aside, traditional healers have for many years prescribed bitter kola for the treatment of malaria infections.

Researchers who reported that bitter kola had anti-malaria effect in the 2010 issue of Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, from a survey of plants used by traditional healers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, attributed this to its quinones content.

The importance of bitter kola cannot be over floored, it therefore behoves on everyone to utilize effectively all the benefits embedded in it.


Festus Keyamo doesn’t trust the Service Chiefs, he believes they’re profiting from insurgency

A Human Rights Lawyer, Festus Keyamo, on Saturday has accused Service Chiefs in the country of profiting from the current insurgency raging in the North-eastern part of the country.
Speaking at the All Progressives Congress (APC) Youth Summit in Ado Ekiti, he said, with the way the Service Chiefs were prosecuting the war against insurgency, it was clear that they were profiting from it.
“At a time, they lied that Boko Haram had agreed to a ceasefire truce, only for them to strike almost the second day. This goes to tell you that Jonathan actually ordered the announcement of the ceasefire. They later flew another kite that the leader of Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau had been killed. But only a week ago, Jonathan said Shekau must be arrested before elections. Then, Nigerians must ask them, which Shekau did they kill the other time?” Keyamo asked.
He also said the reason the members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) were allegedly plotting to derail the electoral process was because they were afraid of being sent to jail by the APC Presidential candidate, Muhammadu Buhari.
He described as a national disgrace, the recapturing of the territories seized by Boko Haram insurgents by Chadian soldiers, saying this speaks volume of the level of the rot in the Nigerian Army.
Keyamo said most of the consistent critics of Buhari were those with criminal records of corruption, urging Nigerian voters to reject them in the coming elections in the interest of the nation.

Douglas Anele: The APC cannot deliver meaningful change to Nigerians, I’ll explain

Now, because the  full positive  impacts  of  the modest achievements  by  President Jonathan are yet to  be felt  nationwide, it appears that the message of  “change”  from  APC is resonating with the masses. 
Politics, according to cynics, is a dirty game. Many Nigerians tend to accept that negative characterisation of politics and politicking without question. However, in my view, Aristotle’s depiction of politics as the endeavour for the noblest of human beings is nearer the truth  than the cynical standpoint. Briefly defined, politics is the authoritative allocation of power to make decisions and implement them within a geopolitical space.
In both democratic and aristocratic or authoritarian systems, a tiny minority or group exercises political power by determining  the nature and structure of governance for the vast majority of the population. Therefore, since political institutions evolved mainly to promote the well-being of members of the society over whom  political authority is exercised,  it is extremely important to create transparent processes for selecting the noblest of minds for political office.
Unfortunately, human beings  have not invented foolproof  reliable  method  which would guarantee that the best  individuals  would always emerge  as leaders. Indeed, perfect implementation  of the recommendations  by Plato and other political philosophers cannot occlude the possibility  that political power  might be in the hands of men and women of inferior intellectual, emotional, and moral quality.
The impossibility of creating perfect socio-political  institutions that can guarantee that only the most suitable would occupy political offices entails  that individuals should channel their creative energies towards constructing democratic institutions  in their respective countries  capable of minimising  the repercussions  of bad leadership. According to the Austrian-born British philosopher, Karl Popper, this is achievable only  through periodic elections.
Democracy is not an ideal political system,  but it is preferable to other arrangements  because it allows members of the society to play some role in selecting those that would lead them for a specified  period.  Like other non-authoritarian countries, Nigeria is  still trying to create a viable democratic process  appropriate  for her  historical experiences and  developmental needs.
Of course, the 2015 elections are crucial  in this respect  because, if conducted successfully, that would go a long way to consolidate  the modest progress made since 1999. On the other hand, if politicians derail the  process because of inordinate desperation for power, it would be another disappointing case of “hope deferred.”
The  presidential contest  between the two frontrunners,  Dr. Goodluck  Ebele Jonathan and  Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, has brought to the fore once again the perennial problem of selecting  political leaders in a fledgling  democracy. The All Progressives Congress (APC) on whose platform  Gen. Buhari is contesting has  mounted  vuvuzela-sounding  campaigns  with the sole purpose of dislodging the ruling  Peoples  Democratic Party (PDP) from power.
In fact, the heat and tension  from APC  was  so palpable that many Nigerians became too pessimistic and apprehensive about  what would happen next. Despite the unnecessary threats by  Gen. Buhari  and his cohorts, the presidential and gubernatorial elections have been postponed; tension has gone down  somewhat, although there is still a sense of foreboding because of  ferocious  propaganda by the  major two parties.
A  disturbing product  of the vociferous APC campaign machine is Buharimania, that is, worshipful support bothering on religious and cultic excitement for Buhari  by a section of the Nigerian population especially in the North, coupled with  fanatic belief that APC can deliver positive change in  the country  if  Buhari wins the election. It would take a lengthy treatise drawing on the resources of psychology, sociology and contemporary Nigerian political history to explain in details the provenance of Buharimania.
It  must be pointed out,  however, that  Buharimania is a phenomenon rooted in  devotion to  and  uncritical preference for  a retired military dictator with a reputation for rigidity, integrity and honesty over  a well-educated, humble and methodical democrat with an easy going disposition  towards governance. The danger here is that wily APC kingpins can exploit it to foment trouble if the  party loses the elections. Understandably, the propaganda machine of APC  deliberately suppresses President Jonathan’s achievements by  continuously  denigrating his administration.
It projects  Gen. Buhari  as the  only presidential candidate with the  capacity to eliminate corruption, mount a decisive fight against insecurity, and promote economic development.  In addition, the  party has been working hard to minimise the collateral political damage that Gen.  Buhari’s  image as an inflexible, not so well educated, ageing military dictator  with  outdated  understanding of  economic management  might cause it in the general  elections.
Now, because the  full positive  impacts  of  the modest achievements  by  President Jonathan are yet to  be felt  nationwide, it appears that the message of  “change”  from  APC is resonating with the masses.  But a closer look at the antecedents of APC leaders reveals that the gospel of change is fundamentally unrealisable and illusory, a desperate attempt to exploit the hopes, aspirations and anxieties of Nigerians to wrest the highest political office from  the ruling party.
Unscrupulous conservative politicians who benefited immeasurably from the corrupt system they helped to create and impose on Nigerians dominate the top echelons of the party. In order to substantiate my claim, I will  embark on  a systematic  deconstruction of Buharimania  and  APC’s desperate quest for power. My main argument is that the  party,  as presently constituted and managed,  cannot deliver sustainable meaningful change  to  Nigerians.
For starters, consider the major figures in APC. The arrowhead of the party  is Gen.  Buhari, who pledged in 2011 never to contest for any political office after the election held that year. Now the question  is:  why did the retired general renege on  that  promise, especially considering his hyperbolic reputation as a  man who keeps his word? Was  the change of mind  motivated by strong desire to get even with President Jonathan who defeated him in the 2011 presidential election or  was it necessitated  by messianic delusion about being the only one capable of addressing the hydra-headed problems facing the country presently? Why did he succumb to the opportunistic persuaders desperate for political survival and relevance at all cost?
In my opinion, Gen. Buhari’s  decision to contest again and failure to mentor a younger  and better-educated  politician to  political prominence as his successor after losing  the  presidential election  thrice are indicative of a man obsessively preoccupied with power. Bola  Tinubu’s  argument that Gen.  Buhari  had to  be drafted into  the presidential election because countries at crossroads in the past  were rescued from perdition by  their army  generals is, to put it mildly, ludicrous and historically inaccurate. Moreover,  in Africa particularly, military intervention in politics has had a detrimental effect on the economic and socio-political development of several countries, to the extent that coup d’états are detested everywhere.
Therefore, it is plainly unrealistic to believe that  seventy-three years old Gen.  Buhari  who three decades ago presided over the most draconian military regime in Nigerian history has suddenly  completely  mutated  into an  apostle of democratic change.   APC chieftains know that old habits die hard, and that  it is harder still for a conservative Muslim and former soldier like Gen.  Buhari  to change so dramatically. Keep in mind that one of the reasons Gen. Ibrahim  Babangida  gave for overthrowing Gen.  Buhari  was that the latter was too rigid and opinionated to preside over a multiply plural country like Nigeria.  Thus,  I am not sure that  APC’s  presidential candidate has developed the degree of emotional intelligence required to navigate successfully the treacherous landscape of Nigerian politics.
Several kingpins of APC have held, and are still holding  various  public offices. Yet there is  very little to show that the era of “business as usual” has ended. For instance, in APC controlled states, the problems of bloated cabinet, overconcentration of development in the urban centres to the detriment of the rural areas, emasculation of local governments, cronyism, and financial rascality are still rampant.
Meanwhile, a  sizeable number of prominent APC members were formerly in PDP.  It  would be surprising if Nigerians have not recognised yet  the  hypocrisy  in  chieftains of  APC  welcoming  enthusiastically  renegades from the very party they have been disparaging and criticising for years. Perhaps,  Tinubu  and others  are too desperate for power and would do anything to get it, and  their  criticisms of PDP  might stem from  jealousy towards a party that has dominated the political space since 1999. Whatever might be  the case,  frankly  there is  very little  to show that APC can be trusted as the vehicle of positive change in the country  if its candidates win the electionbuhari kiss

Err, why is Mu’azu PDP Chairman if he’s not trusted by the Presidency

by James Sambo
We hear the Presidency may have possibly put Adamu Mu’azu, the National Chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party, under close watch.
According to reports, the reason for this is President Goodluck Jonathan’s supposed discomfort with his activities, following reports by members of the party that Mu’azu may be double dealing.
One of his alleged crimes is his inaction over the stoning of the President’s convoy in some states in the North, which prompted the former Governor of Bauchi State, Mallam Isa Yuguda, to say that he was not fully committed to the second term aspiration of President Jonathan.
A source from the Presidency told Punch Newspapers that: “You can see that Mu’azu has not been vociferous in his campaign for the President in the North.”
“He has never organised any rally on his own and has never attended any other except those organised by the party which were attended by the President. He has remained silent on the stoning of the President’s convoy in Taraba, Katsina and Taraba states. We have this unclear notion that he’s more interested in having a President from his region than President Jonathan returning. So, we are watching him.”
“Instead of speaking on the task ahead of the party and the campaign, Mu’azu in the full glare of the television and invited guests, lambasted the President and the party.”


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